What is Missing Middle Housing?
Missing Middle is a range of multi-unit or clustered housing types compatible in scale with single-family homes that help meet the growing demand for walkable urban living. These types provide diverse housing options along a spectrum of affordability, including duplexes, fourplexes, and bungalow courts, to support walkable communities, locally-serving retail, and public transportation options. Missing Middle Housing provides a solution to the mismatch between the available U.S. housing stock and shifting demographics combined with the growing demand for walkability.
“If there’s one thing Americans love, it’s choices: what to eat, where to work, who to vote for. But when it comes where we live or how to get around, our choices can be limited. Many people of all ages would like to live in vibrant neighborhoods, downtowns, and Main Streets—places where jobs and shops lie within walking distance—but right now those places are in short supply. ‘Missing Middle’ Housing provides more housing choices. And when we have more choices, we create living, thriving neighborhoods for people and businesses. MissingMiddleHousing.com will be a valuable resource for architects, planners, developers, elected officials, advocates, and community members—anyone working to build more great places for Americans.” — Lynn Richards, president and CEO of the Congress for the New Urbanism.
This website is designed to serve as a collective resource for planners and developers seeking to implement Missing Middle projects. You will find clear definitions of the types of mid-density housing that are best for creating walkable neighborhoods, as well as information on the unifying characteristics of these building types. The website also offers information on how to integrate Missing Middle Housing into existing neighborhoods, explains how to regulate these building types, and pin-points the market demographic that demands them.
For Diverse Households
The 21st century “household” no longer necessarily consists of a father, a mother, and two point five children. A greater number of American households consist of older “empty nesters,” millenials who are putting off traditional marriage and family longer than ever, single parents, non-traditional families, and people with disabilities who are able to live independently thanks to modern technology.
For Diverse Lifestyles
Flexible working solutions, non-traditional higher learning options, a longer average lifespan leading to longer retirements, and the need to reduce carbon dioxide emissions means that more and more, homebuyers and renters are seeking housing options that offer a walkable lifestyle and access to public transportation.
For Diverse Incomes
The current demand for affordable small-footprint or attached housing in the U.S. exceeds supply by up to 35 million units. Most zoning codes limit the types of housing that can be provided. Missing Middle housing types can meet the need for attractive, affordable, well-built housing within the existing framework of many city codes.
Missing Middle housing types succeed best within a walkable environment where there is less demand for off-street parking. A variety of building densities offer enough rooftops to support public transit, and safe streets that feature easy access to shops, services, and cultural amenities help to build a strong sense of community.